Saturday, April 22, 2017

A more ethical form of HIV criminalization

HIV has been criminalized throughout the history of the epidemic, or to be more exact, people living with HIV and their behaviors have been a persistent focus of criminal law. This was undoubtedly due in part to the fact that HIV initially was untreatable and infection (for the vast majority) spelt death. It was terrifying. But it wasn't just an understandable public health reaction. Criminalization is not necessarily a wise way of controlling an epidemic, as it can be counterproductive, driving underground persons potentially subject to the laws. And there is no way of getting around that those disproportionately affected by HIV (especially in the USA), were considered 'undesirables' by many in the public and those leaders they voted for. Criminalization also reflected a moral panic against homosexuals and injection drug users. So, because it was not really based on solid public health principles or scientific evidence in the first place, it is unsurprising that states made laws covering actions highly unlikely to lead to transmission (like spitting or oral sex), fail to take the use of new prevention technologies (PreP, use of antiretrovirals) into account, and often don't take into consideration the intention to cause harm. What is perhaps more surprising (and depressing) is that many of these laws are still on the books.

I am thinking that HIV criminalization should not be abolished, but pointed in a better direction. Let me back up. For a few years now, I have been working on a NIH-funded project on the social and ethical dimensions of HIV cure research. In the context of that project, we have been confronted with numerous cases of people claiming they have found a cure for HIV. Such claims originate from all over the world, but Africa would likely be leading the pack, if anyone was counting. (Just set up a google alert with "HIV cure" and you will see what I mean) The President of the Gambia, Yahya Jammeh, claimed his home-brewed concoctions cured HIV, but his ex-patients (of those still living) aren't doing so well. But that is just one example. It is hard to keep up. This month, a Kenya politician, Harry Kombe, claimed that he can cure early-stage HIV with reflexology. And a whole bunch of other things, including helping a 60-year old woman give birth.

So here is where criminalization could come in. Anyone who, without any verifiable evidence, makes a claim of curing HIV, should be subject to prosecution, if serious harms can be reasonably shown to result from that claim being made. If, for instance, the claims of a cure involve or result in people going off their antiretroviral treatment, and the health of such people is seriously compromised, then the behavior of the 'cure claimer' should be criminalized. This could be expanded to cover the case of former South African President Thabo Mbeki and his HIV denialism, where a Harvard study indicated that his unfounded claims led to 300,000 deaths. An evidence-based criminalization of baseless HIV cure claims would vast improvement, in terms of justice, over the forms of HIV criminalization we have now. For one thing, Mbeki would be in a cell, rather than being the new chancellor of the University of South Africa.


Labels: , ,

9 Comments:

Blogger raybanoutlet001 said...

coach outlet online
nike outlet
ugg boots
oakley sunglasses
valentino outlet
skechers shoes
yeezy boost 350 white
michael kors outlet
michael kors uk
ralph lauren uk

11:27 PM  
Blogger Assignment Help Experts said...

Thanks for your article! I have been looking for quite a long time and fortunately I read this article! I wish you would continue to have valuable articles like this or more to share with everyone! Get Assignment Help

4:52 AM  
Blogger Nikshit Narula said...

Awesome Post!
Check out Happy Diwali Greetings
Also download latest movie LOGAN 2017 DUAL AUDIO 720P BLURAY HINDI
Also Read trending Story Expectations vs reality
Also Check out Latest vacancy of Government Job Karnataka Recruitment 2017

8:09 AM  
Blogger عبده العمراوى said...

شركة امست للتنظيف بالدمام
شركة تنظيف سجاد بالقطيف

8:45 AM  
Blogger Herna Ismayanti said...

thanks for information
Obat Gejala Lemah Jantung
Cara membuat racikan jahe untuk nyeri haid
obat alami penyakit mioma uteri

4:08 AM  
Blogger housing finance said...

QUICK LOAN CONTACT US
We gives out both business and personal loans no collateral required. now term cash of all amounts You have come to the right place. We offer Cash at low interest rate of 2%. Interested people should please contact us on For immediate response to your application, process takes just 2/3 Days. contact us now
housingfinance22@gmail.com
Contact us on whatspp +447513195409
Mr Osman Ibrahim

6:11 PM  
Blogger Alley Moor said...

IT IS A NICE POST. Assignment Help

12:47 AM  
Blogger Mariam said...

MY NAME IS MARIAM FROM SOUTH AFRICA...I SAW THIS COMMENT ON POSITIVE BLOGS AND I WILL LOVE TO TELL EVERYBODY HOW MY STATUS CHANGES TO NEGATIVE, AND AM NOW A LIVING WITNESS OF IT AND I THINK ITS A SHAME ON ME IF I DON'T SHARE THIS LOVELY STORY WITH OTHER PEOPLE INFECTED WITH THIS DEADLY VIRUS...,HIV HAS BEEN ONGOING IN MY FAMILY... I LOST BOTH PARENTS TO HIV,. AND IT IS SO MUCH PAIN IVE NOT BEEN ABLE TO GET OVER.. AS WE ALL KNOW MEDICALLY THERE IS NO SOLUTION TO IT..AND MEDICATION IS VERY EXPENSIVE..SO SOMEONE INTRODUCED ME TO A NATIVE MEDICAL PRACTITIONER IN AFRICA..I HAD A JOB THERE TO EXECUTE SO I TOOK TIME TO CHECK OUT ON HIM.I SHOWED HIM ALL MY TESTS AND RESULTS.. I WAS ALREADY DIAGNOSED WITH HIV AND IT WAS ALREADY TAKING ITS TOWL ON ME.. I HAD SPENT THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS SO I DECIDED TO TRY HIM OUT...I WAS ON HIS DOSAGE FOR 6MONTHS. ALTHOUGH I DIDNT BELIEVE IN IT, I WAS JUST TRYING IT OUT OF FRUSTRATION... AND AFTER 2 WEEKS, I WENT FOR NEW TESTS... AND YOU WONT BELIEVE THAT 5 DIFFERENT DOCTORS CONFIRMED IT THAT AM NEGATIVE..IT WAS LIKE A DREAM,,I NEVER BELIEVE AIDS HAS CURE..AM NOW NEGATIVE,,AM A LIVING WITNESS..I DONT KNOW HOW TO THANK THIS MAN... I JUST WANT TO HELP OTHERS IN ANY WAY I CAN..HAVE JOINED MANY FORUMS AND HAVE POSTED THIS TESTIMONIES AND ALOT OF PEOPLE HAS MAIL AND CALLED THIS MAN ON PHONE AND AFTER 2 WEEKS THEY ALL CONFIRMED NEGATIVE..BBC NEWS TOOK IT LIVE AND EVERY.. HOPE HE HELPS YOU OUT.. EVERYBODY SAW IT AND ITS NOW OUT IN PAPERS AND MAGAZINES THAT THERE'S NATIVE CURE FOR HIV AND ALL WITH THE HELP OF THIS MAN,,HAVE TRIED MY OWN PARTS AND ALL LEFT WITH YOU,,IF YOU LIKE TAKE IT OR NOT..GOD KNOWS HAVE TRIED MY BEST.ABOUT 97 PEOPLE HAVE BEEN CONFIRMED NEGATIVE THROUGH ME..AND THEY SEND MAILS TO THANKS ME AFTER THEY HAVE BEEN CONFIRMED NEGATIVE,,THIS MAN IS REAL..DON'T MISS THIS CHANCE,,HIV IS A DEADLY VIRUS,,GET RID OF IT NOW..
case there is anyone who has similar problem and still

looking for a way out, and he those cast all kind of spell like ::
Love Spells
Luck, Money Spells
Health, Well Being
Protection, Healing
Curses, ex, Breakups
NEW! Combo Spells
High Priestess Spells
Vampire Spells
Authentic Voodoo Spells
Custom, Other Spells
Business spells
Health/Healing spells
Curse removal
Job spells
Healing from all kind of diseases
Love binding
Barrenness(need a child)
Need love
Lottery Spells
Promotions
Success
Money rituals
winning court case
Divorce spells
Low sperm count
Infertility in women
Breast enlargement/reduction
Penis enlargement/reduction
YOU CAN CONTACT HIM HERE AS (dr.abalaka@outlook.com) if you need any question contact me via here as mariambaurice@gmail.com thanks
Mariam baurice
HIV project

2:44 PM  
Blogger Quality Finance Loan said...

Are you tired of seeking loan have you been turned down by your bank due to bad credit We help individuals and companies to obtain funds for business expanding and to setup a new business ranging any amount. Get a financial at affordable interest rate of 3%,for more info contact us via email: creationfinance7@gmail.com

*Commercial Loans.
*Personal Loans.
*Business Loans.
*Investments Loans.
*Construction loans.
*Business Loans And many More:

LOAN APPLICATION FORM
**********************
Your full name:
Country/State:
Loan Amount:
Duration
Phone:
Monthly income:
Occupation:
Contact Us creationfinance7@gmail.com
WhatsApp Number +919717357946

6:05 PM  

Post a Comment

<< Home